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Madhya Pradesh >> Gwalior

Gwalior


Location
122 km from Agra
Temperature
34 c Summer/ 8 c Winter
Latitude : 26.224013    Longitude : 78.180792

Language : Hindi
Gwalior is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. It lies 76 miles (122 km) south of Agra and has a population of over 12 lakh .The Gwalior metropolitan area is the 46th most populated area in the country.

Gwalior occupies a strategic location in the Gird region of North India, and the city and its fortress have served as the center of several of North India's historic kingdoms. At present also its strategic location is marked by the presence of major air base at Maharajpura. Gwalior is the administrative headquarters of Gwalior district and Gwalior division.

Gwalior Fort
Gwalior Fort - The pearl among Fortresses of India
Positioned at a height of 100m above the main town of Gwalior, this staggering citadel dominates the skyline of the place and is acknowledged as the most impregnable fort in the whole of Central and Northern India. Built by Raja Man Singh Tomar, in the 15th century, its beauty has earned it the epithet of "The Pearl amongst Fortresses of India" by the Mughal ruler 'Babur'. The fort is girdled by sandstone walls and stretches over an area of 3 sq km. It houses three temples, six palaces and a large number of water tanks.
Jai Vilas Palace
Jai Vilas Palace
Though Jai Vilas Palace is the current residence of the Scindia family; 35 of its palatial rooms have been converted into the 'Scindia Museum'. The architectural style of this imperial structure is dominantly Italian, with a fine blend of Corinthian and Tuscan architectural modes. Handpicked royal treasures and historical artifacts from different countries are displayed in the museum. The most striking one is a silver train, with cut-glass wagons and miniature rails, which chugged along dinner tables and was used to serve food to the guests.
Man Mandir
Man Mandir
This exquisite architectural specimen was also built by Raja Man Singh Tomar, between 1486 and 1517. Though, most of the ornamentations of this mammoth edifice have been corroded with time, traces of elaborate architectural trimmings and patterns still testify its glorious past. With decorative and colorful friezes and ornate rooms and stone screens, it exhibits a tasteful use of color, motif and patterns. The place houses the 'Suraj Kund Pond', where King Suraj Sen is believed to have been cured by sage Gwalipa.
Mausoleum of Ghaus Mohammed
Mausoleum of Ghaus Mohammed - Tomb of Afghan Prince Ghaus Mohammed
Located in the old town of Hazira is the mausoleum of Ghaus Mohammed, the 'Afghan Prince turned Sufi Saint' who helped Babur in annexing the Gwalior Fort. Built in the 16th century, this sandstone tomb is an exemplary piece of Mughal architectural adroitness. Built opulently in early Mughal lines, the screens of the monument have been carved using the pierced stone technique. Thus, these fine trellises look like delicate and exquisitely patterned laces. The beauty of the monument is also enhanced by the dappling gardens that surround it.
Saas-Bahu Temple
Saas-Bahu Temple - Lord Vishnu Temple
The Saas-Bahu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu is also a major landmark of Gwalior. Built in 11th century, the name of the temple can be quite misleading. The temple, as many people believe, is not dedicated to 'Saas' (mother-in-law) and 'Bahu' (daughter-in-law). The name metaphorically and traditionally implies to two temples of different sizes adjoined to each other. The larger is more elaborately patterned with intricate artwork and attractive sculptures. There is also an ornamental lotus adorning its interior roof.
Teli-ka-Mandir
Teli-ka-Mandir - Lord Vishnu Temple
This ancient edifice is a Pratihara Vishnu temple. Built in the 9th century AD, it towers at a height of 100ft. According to legends, the temple is so named as it is believed to be fabricated in the 'Telangana' architectural style. However, others believe that it is named after the 'Telis' (oil merchants) who built it. The structure displays a unique architectural pattern, with fine blend of Dravidian and Indo-Aryan characteristics. The roof of the temple is distinctly Dravidian, whereas the festoons and adornments have a strong Indo-Aryan appeal.
The Gujari Mahal Archaeological Museum
The Gujari Mahal Archaeological Museum
The Gujari Mahal Archaeological Museum houses rare antiquities, some of them dating back to the 1st century AD. Even though many of these have been defaced by the iconoclastic Mughals, their perfection of form has survived the ravages of time. Particularly worth seeing is the statue of Shalbhanjika from Gyraspur, the tree goddess, epitome of perfection in miniature. The statue is kept in the custody of the museum's curator, and can be seen on request. The museum is open every day except Monday, from 10 am to 5 pm.
Tomb of Tansen
Tomb of Tansen - Tomb of Legendary singer Tansen
The father of Hindustani classical music and one of the nine jewels of Akbar's court, legendary singer Tansen is buried in Gwalior. Built in the early style of Mughal architecture, the tomb of Tansen has a simple and pristine aura about it. The headstone is surrounded by beautiful gardens on all its sides. Apart from being an ancient monument, the site also underlines the rich cultural heritage of Gwalior. Every year in the month of November/ December, a national level music competition is held at the place, to venerate this great musician.
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