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Madhya Pradesh >> Ujjain

Ujjain


Location
60 km from Indore
Temperature
45 c Summer/7 c winter
Latitude : 23.175600    Longitude : 75.784012

Language : Hindi,Punjabi
Ujjain (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri), is an ancient city of Malwa in in central India on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River (today part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative centre of Ujjain District and Ujjain Division.

In ancient times the city was called Ujjayini. As per epic Mahabharata Ujjayani was the capital of Avanti Kingdom. It has been the first meridian of longitude for Hindu geographers since the 4th century BCE. It is one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus, and the Kumbh Mela religious festival is held there every twelve years. It is also home to Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva.

Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir
Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir - Lord Ganesha Temple
One of the most revered historical landmarks of Ujjain, this temple is dedicated to the Hindu deity of Wisdom and Prosperity, 'Ganesha' and is situated near the reservoir of the Mahakaleshwar temple. It enshrines a large ornate idol of the God, which is believed to be one of His largest sculptured images. The place also harbors the only 'panchmukhi' (five-faced) statue of Lord 'Hanuman' inside it. Today, the temple is also a popular training center for imparting education on astrology and the Sanskrit language.
Bhartrihari Caves
Bhartrihari Caves
These caves are situated just above the bank of the Shipra near the temple of Gadkalika. According to popular tradition, this is the spot where Bhartrihari, who is said to have been the step brother of Vikramaditya, lived and meditated after renouncing worldly life. He is believed to have been a great scholar and poet. His famous works, Shringarshatak, Vairagyashatak, and Nitishatak, are known for the exquisite use of the Sanskrit meter.
Gadkalika Temple
Gadkalika Temple - Goddess-Kaali
Situated about 2 miles from Ujjain, Gadkalika temple is located near the Bhartrihari Caves. This ancient temple is dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Kaali. It is believed that the poet Kalidasa worshipped the image of Kaali present in this shrine. The temple was renovated by the Indian emperor Harshavardhana, in the 7 AD, and later by the Parmers. In modern times, the temple has undergone some amount of refurbishing, under the erstwhile Gwalior state.
Harsiddhi Temple
Harsiddhi Temple - Famous 'Shaktipeeths'
An ancient shrine of Ujjain and one of the most famous 'Shaktipeeths' all over India, this temple enshrines a vermilion colored idol of Goddess 'Annapurna', placed between the images of Goddess Laxmi and Goddess Saraswati. According to mythology, this is the place where Goddess Sati's elbow fell while Shiva carried away her burning body from the sacrificial fire. The place today is a famous religious shrine of the Hindus. Apart from its cosmic manifestations, the place also exhibits the finery of Maratha artistry in its architectural style.
Kaliadeh Palace
Kaliadeh Palace
Situated on the banks of the Shipra, the island-like site immediately conjures up the natural beauty of ancient Ujjain which poets down the ages have waxed lyrical. The glorious landscape of the flowing river on both sides of the palace and the man-made tanks and channels, with water gurgling through them, provide a spectacular backdrop to the imposing building. The central dome of the palace is a beautiful example of Persian architecture. Two Persian inscriptions found in one of the long corridors of the palace record the visits of Emperor Akbar and Jehangir to this palace. The palace was broken down in the time of the Pindaris and was restored by Madhav Rao Scindia in 1920 to its present glory. The Sun Temple was also restored by the family.
Mahakaleshwar Temple
Mahakaleshwar Temple
The presiding deity of time, Shiva, in all his splendour reigns eternal in Ujjain.The temple of Mahakaleshwar, its shikhara soaring into the skies, evokes primordial awe and reverence with its majesty. The Mahakal dominates the life of the city and its people, even in the midst of the busy routine of modern preoccupations, and provides an unbreakable link with past traditions.
Navagraha Mandir
Navagraha Mandir - Dedicated to the nine planets
Situated on the Triveni Ghat of the Shipra, the temple is located away from the old site of Ujjaini town. It is dedicated to the nine planets, attracts large crowds on new moon days falling on Saturdays. Its religious importance has increased in recent years though there is no known reference to it in the ancient texts.
Veda Shala
Veda Shala
Ujjain enjoyed a place of prominence in the field of astronomy in Ancient India. One of the existing examples of the astronomical advancement of the city, during those times, is explicit in the form of the 'Veda Shala'. It was built by the Rajput King, Jai Singh II and is one of the many observatories of India. The place houses ancient astronomical devices that make it a fascinating storehouse of antique relics. This observatory is still in use and is also a major site of various astronomical studies and research.
Vikram Kirti Mandir
Vikram Kirti Mandir
Established on the occasion of the second millennium of the Vikram era, as the cultural centre to perpetuate the memory of Vikramaditya, the Vikram Kirti Mandir houses the Scindia Oriental Research Institute, an archaeological museum, an art gallery and an auditorium. The Scindia Oriental Research Institute has an invaluable collection of 18,000 manuscripts on various subjects and runs a reference library of important oriental publications. Rare manuscripts in Prakrit, Arabic, Persian and other Indian languages cover a wide range of subjects from Vedic literature and philosophy to dance and music. Palm leaf and bark leaf (Bhurja Patra) manuscripts are also preserved in this institute. Apart from an illustrated manuscript of Shrimad Bhagavata in which actual gold and silver have been employed for the paintings, the Institute has a rich collection of old paintings in the Rajput and Mughal style. The museum also exhibits a rich array of images, inscriptions, copper plates and fossils discovered in the Narmada valley. A huge skull of a primitive elephant is of special interest.
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