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Punjab >> Amristar

Amristar


Location
450kms from NewDelhi
Temperature
49 c Summer/14 c Winter
Latitude : 31.630890    Longitude : 74.871552

Language : Punjabi,Hindi
Amritsar is located in the northwest part of India in the State of Punjab, 32 miles (51 km) east of Lahore, Pakistan. Some have taken the name Amritsar to derive AmÅ—it-saagar meaning "The Ocean of the Nectar of Immortality".

It is home to the Harimandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple, and is the spiritual and cultural centre of the Sikh religion. This important sikh shrine attracts more visitors than the Taj Mahal in Agra and is the number one destination for non-resident Indians (NRI) in the whole of India. It is also known for the unfortunate incidents of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre while under British Rule (1919) and Operation Bluestar in (1984) under the Late Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

The main commercial activities include tourism, carpets and fabrics, farm produce, handicrafts, service trades and light engineering. The city is popular and known for its food and culture. It is a paradise for food lovers. Amritsar is also home to Pingalwara, the home for destitutes founded by Bhagat Puran Singh and a home to Central Khalsa Orphanage which was once a home to Shaheed Udham Singh a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement
Durgiana Temple
Durgiana Temple - Goddess - Durga
Durgiana Tirath, an Important religious pilgrimage of the Hindus is in the North India. It is situated in the holy city of Amritsar in Punjab State. It is few yards away from Amritsar Railway Station & about 1.5 Km from the Bus Stand.
Gandhi Gate
Gandhi Gate - Entrance to the shopping gate
Popularly known as Hall Gate, it is the entrance to the shopping hub of Amritsar - Hall Bazaar. A typical maharaja type gate with a clock and a Glow sign which reads "Amritsar - Sifti Da Ghar" .
Gobing Garh Fort
Gobing Garh Fort
The fort occupied a unique place in the Indian military history. Built in 1760, it was called Bhangian Da Kila (Bhangis was one of the twelve Sikh misles). According to historians, during 1808, the fort was known as the fort of Gujjar Singh Bhangi. Later it was re-built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh with the help of Jodh Singh. The legendary Maharaja strengthened the fortification of the fort in order to keep his treasures and treaties in safety. The specially constructed Toshakhana, in the centre of the fort, also stored large amount of grains and provisions for the 12,000-strong army.
Golden Temple
Golden Temple - Pilgrimage Place of Sikhs
The world renowned Golden Temple which enshrines the Granth Sahib (the holy Book of the Sikhs) is located in Amritsar (literally meaning -'a pool of nectar'). Amritsar which houses the Golden Temple or Harmandir Sahib was founded by the fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ram Das, who had initially constructed a pool here. It is here that Sage Valmiki wrote the epic, Ramayana. Rama and Sita are believed to have spent their fourteen year exile in Amritsar, the epicentre of Sikhism.
Jallianwala Bagh Memorial
Jallianwala Bagh Memorial - Historical Memorial
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, also known as the Amritsar Massacre, was named after the Jallianwala Bagh (Garden) in the northern Indian city of Amritsar, where, on April 13, 1919, British Indian Army soldiers under the command of Brigadier Reginald Dyer opened fire on an unarmed gathering of men, women and children. The firing lasted about 10 minutes and 1650 rounds were fired, or 33 rounds per soldier. Official British Raj sources placed the fatalities at 379. According to private sources there were over 1000 deaths, with more than 2000 wounded, and Civil Surgeon Dr. Smith indicated that there were over 1800 casualties.
Mata Mandir
Mata Mandir
A grand old pious lady developed this Hindu temple situated at Rani ka Bagh , on the lines of holy shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi at Katra(Jammu),the temple draws crowds of devotees from far and near. Festivals are celebrated with great pomp and show. An evening visit to the temple gives an opportunity to the visitors to observe the life styles of Hindu families.
Ram Tirath
Ram Tirath - Significant historical Place
On the outskirts of Amritsar this is a significant historic place. The place gets a special mention in the great Hindu epic "Ramayana". On return, after great victory of Lanka when Lord Rama deserted Mata Sita on hearsay, she came to this place, the seat of great saint Maharishi Valmiki who gave her shelter and protection. It was at this place that Mata Sita gave birth to twins "Luv"and "Kush"the great sons of Lord Rama. Maharishi Valmiki conducted them to highest levels in education in the realms of religious and social life besides intricacies of warfare. A suitable temple is erected to commemorate the event.
Rambagh Garden
Rambagh Garden - Beautiful Garden
Ram Bagh a beautiful garden ,an accustomed listener to the Neighs of thousand horses, announcing the arrival of the statesman of the century Maharaja Ranjit Singh(1780-1839) the Lion of Punjab, has in its heart the summer Palace of this great ruler. Maintenance free inbuilt cooling system designed in the Palace exhibits the architectural excellence and invokes a keen interest.The king of his time brought local chieftains under his control and virtually finished any eventuality of possible attacks on the kingdom raised by him. To commemorate the memory of his valour Ram Bagh on its one end has a lively statue of Maharaja Ranjit Singh saddled on a horse in a winsome posture.
Wagah Border
Wagah Border - Border of India & Pakistan
When the sun decides to say goodbye to a peaceful day its time For the reunion, which transcends the boundaries, that man has laid. From Amritsar 35 Km on the road to Lahore(Pakistan), is India-Pakistan border,which is also known as "Attari(India)-"Wagah" (Pakistan) border. A visit to the border is an interesting experience, especially at sun-set, when the retreat ceremony takes place with the Border Security Force (B.S.F.) on the Indian side and The Sutlej Rangers on the Pakistan side putting up a well co-ordinated and spectacular display which compares very favorably with the changing of royal guard in London. The sound from the bugles blown together from both sides paints past on the canvas when India and Pakistan were one, simultaneously Flags of the two nations are ceremoniously retrieved and lights are switched on marking the end of the day amidst thunderous applause. Today this point is only land route to approach Pakistan and central Asia.
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