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Rajasthan >> Bikaner

Bikaner


Location
320 km from Jaipur
Temperature
45 c Summer/7 c winter
Latitude : 28.019890    Longitude : 73.317551

Language : Hindi, Rajasthani and Marwari
Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The city is the administrative headquarters of Bikaner District. It was formerly the capital of the princely state of Bikaner. The city was founded by Rao Bika in 1486 and from its small origins it has developed into the fourth largest city in Rajasthan. The Ganga Canal completed in 1928 and the Indira Gandhi Canal completed in 1987 have allowed the farming of crops such as mustard, cotton and wheat. Other industries include wool production and the mining of gypsum, plaster of Paris and bentonite.

Bhandeswari Jain Temple
Bhandeswari Jain Temple - Jain Temple
This temple was constructed in the fifteenth century and Bikaner' s oldest monument. Mirror work, frescoes and gold leaf paintings adorn the temple.
Ganga Singh Museum
Ganga Singh Museum
Ganga Singh Museum exhibits an array of archaeological discoveries dating back to the prehistoric Harappan and early Gupta period. The display includes paintings, arts and craft, terracotta, pottery, carpets, coins and ancient Rajput weaponry.
Junagarh Fort
Junagarh Fort - Red Sandstone Fort
The Junagarh Fort is one of the forts in India that has never been conquered or seized. Raja Rai Singh, a general in the army of Emperor Akbar built, it in 1593. Enclosed by a moat, the fort has a number of gates. Karan Pol (gate) provides access to the fort. Next to it is Suraj Pol (sun gate). There are a number of buildings within the fort like Anup Mahal, Ganga Niwas and Rang Mahal. There is also a Har Mandir, the royal temple for worshipping gods and goddesses. Built in red sandstone and marble, these palaces house numerous courtyards, balconies, kiosks and windows.
Karni Mata Temple
Karni Mata Temple - Rat temple
THE KARNIMATA'S TEMPLE IS SITUATED IN THE CENTER OF A BEAUTIFUL COURTYARD, THE OUTER BOUNDARY WALL OF WHICH HAS BEEN CONSTRUCTED LIKE A BEAUTIFULL WALL FORT. THE BOUNDARIES ARE BUILT VERY HIGH WITH FOUR ORNAMENTED PILLARS AND THE PROVISION OF A HUGE PLATFORM FOR THE GUARDS TO PROTECT THE MIRACULOUS TEMPLE. THE NEXT WONDER OF THIS TEMPLE, ARE THE RATS. THESE RATS COMMONLY KNOWN AS KABA RESIDE IN THE TEMPLE.
Kolayat
Kolayat - Dedicated to Kapil Muni
Kolayat is a famous pilgrimage spot with a temple dedicated to Kapil Muni who, according to his devotees, sat in meditation near the lake.
Lalgarh Palace
Lalgarh Palace - Famous Palace of Rajasthan
The palace was built between 1902 and 1926 according to Rajput, Mughal and European architectural styles. The building was commissioned by Maharaja Ganga Singh (1881 - 1942) in memory of his father Maharaja Lall Singh and was designed by the British architect, Sir Swinton Jacob. It is coated in red sandstone and has several grand halls, lounges, cupolas and pavilions. The building features magnificent pillars, elaborate fire places, Italian colonnades and intricate latticework and filigree work. The palace houses the Shri Sadul Museum as well as the fourth largest library in the world. Though the Bikaner Royal Family still live in the palace, part of the building has been converted into a hotel operated by the WelcomHeritage Group.
Laxmi Niwas Palace
Laxmi Niwas Palace - Favourite destination of Lord Mountbatton
The Laxmi Niwas Palace, Named after the goddess of wealth and rosperity “LAXMI” consort of the creator Vishnu was the Principal residence of late His Highness Ganga Singh. It was built in the year 1902 was design by the renowned architect Sir. Swinton Jacob in the Indo Saracen style. The exquisitely and delicate filigree and lattice works makes it a cynosure of all eyes and connoisseurs of art hailed it as one of the most picturesque palaces of the sub-continent is the crowning glory of the Princely Rajputana State. In the center a grand courtyard, surrounded by rooms and commons on all sides, has been witness to celebrations of the men folk and the woman folk, ensconced behind stone Jharokhas that over looked the courtyard, partook discreetly in the cultural extravaganzas which were regularly held in honor of various dignitaries who visited The Laxmi Niwas Palace. This palace was a favourite destination of Lord Mountbatton, Queen Mary. King George V. King Edward VIII, The King of Greece, M. Clemenceau Prime Minister of France. Viceroy Lord Harding, Viceroyu Lord Linithgow, Lord Irwin. Dr. Rajendra Prasad First President of republic of India. PT. Madan Mohan Malviyaji, Dr. (Mrs.) Sarojini Naidu, Sir Tejbahadur Sapru. Sir. Akbar Haidri, Thakur Bhaktavar Singhjl, Maharaja Kumar Vijay Singhji and many distinct dignitaries
Laxminath temple
Laxminath temple - Oldest temple in Rajasthan
Laxmi Nath Temple is one of the oldest temples in Bikaner. The foundation of the city was laid here in 1488 by Rao Bikaji. The temple was erected during the reign of Rao Lunkaran and was added to by Maharaja Ganga Singh.
Prachina Museum
Prachina Museum - Collection of Royal costumes
Situated in the Junagarh For, the Prachina Museum houses a rich collection of royal costumes, textiles and accessories. There are also Poshaks (the traditional ladies ensemble) in the museum. Also on display are family portraits of the former rulers of Bikaner.
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