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Uttar Pradesh >> Agra

Agra


Location
Banks of Yamuna River
Temperature
45 c Summer/7 c winter
Latitude : 27.177719    Longitude : 78.009300

Language : Hindi,Urdu,English
Agra is a city on the banks of the Yamuna River in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It finds mention in the epic Mahabharata when it was called Agrabana, or Paradise. Ptolemy, the famous 2nd century geographer, marked it on his map of the world as Agra. It achieved fame as the capital of the Mughal emperors from 1526 to 1658 and remains a major tourist destination because of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Agra Fort
Agra Fort - Finest Example of Mugul Art
The fort's colossal double walls rise 20 meters in height and measure 2.5 kilometers in circumference. Typical of forts of Mogul era, Agra Fort is surrounded by a moat. The fort looks intimidating because of its lofty battlements that overlook the far stretching mansions of nobles and princes built along the riverfront. Another important and very significant structure is the dominating gateway that is surrounded by the magnificent towers, bastions and ramparts. The fort contains some of the most magnificent and subtle palaces both in red sandstone and white marble that has been built by two generations of prolific builders; Akbar and later on by Jahangir and Shah Jahan.
Buland Darwaza
Buland Darwaza - Victory Gateway
The Buland Darwaza in Fatehpur Sikri, near Agra is victory gateway built by the Emperor Akbar to commemorate his triumph over that king of Khandesh/Gujarat in 1573. Buland Darwaza literally means 'High Door', what with the victory march rising to an impressive height of 40 metres. Dominating the neighboring landscape, the red sandstone structure of Buland Darwaza can be seen from afar. Gateway to the city of Fatehpur Sikri, the Buland Darwaza is beautifully decorated with white marble. The pillars and the chattris atop the Buland Darwaza contain calligraphic inscriptions from the Quran. But there is one inscription that reads 'The World is but a bridge, pass over but build no houses on it', which is a reflection on Akbar's religious tolerance as it was quoted by Jesus Christ. Beyond the gateway of Buland Darwaza, tourists can see the Jama Masjid perched atop a hill. One of the grandest of Mughal monuments ever built, a visit to the Buland Darwaza is something you should not miss during your tour of Agra with A Journey to India.
Chini-ka-Rauza
Chini-ka-Rauza - Building decorated by glass-tiled Works
Chini-ka-Rauza is considered a milestone in Indo-Persian architecture, as it is the very first building in India that has been exclusively decorated by the glazed tile works. The decoration is prominent on façade and exteriors. Chini-ka-Rauza is actually a small mausoleum that overlooks the River Yamuna. The tomb is a fine architectural example of pure and undiluted Persian architecture.
Itmad-ud-daula Tomb
Itmad-ud-daula Tomb - First tomb in India made out of Marble
Itmad-ud-daula has a special place in the chronicles of both history as well as architecture. This is precisely because Itmad ud Daula is the very first tomb in India that is entirely made out of Marble. This is actually a mausoleum that overlooks the River Yamuna and is a tomb of Mir Ghiyas Beg, a minister in the court of Shah Jahan.
Jama Masjid
Jama Masjid - Largest Mosque in India
The building with rectangular open forecourt was constructed in 1648A.D. by Shahajahan’s daughter, Jehanara Begum in memory of the famous Shaikh Salim Chistiand his grandson Islam Khan of particular importance is its wonderful assimilation of Iranian architecture
Mehtab Bagh
Mehtab Bagh - Moonlight Garden
350 years ago, when the Taj was built on the Yamuna's south bank, a moonlight garden called Mehtab Bagh was also laid just across the river. It was laid alongside the northern waterfront. The place was once an oasis with fragrant flowers, shaded pavilions, fountain jets and reflecting pools but it ceased to exist in the due course of history. Slowly, the site became barren.
Ram bagh
Ram bagh - Mughal Gardens
One of the earliest Mughal gardens, it was laid out by Emperor Babur, the founder of Mughal dynasty. It is said that babur was temporarily buried here before it was taken to Kabul in Afganistan.
Sikandra
Sikandra - Mausoleum of Emperor Akbar
It is the mausoleum of Emperor Akbar. It represents his philosophy and secular outlook, combining the best of Hindu and Muslim architectures in a superlative fusion. Completed in 1613 A.D., it is one of the well preserved monument
TajMahal
TajMahal - Symbol of Love
Taj Mahal at Agra is truly the epitome of beauty, elegance and wonder rolled into one. Regarded as the seventh wonder of the world, the Taj Mahal has been highly successful in placing India on the world tourism map and get undisputed importance and fame. Built over a time period of 22 years by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, the Taj Mahal till date never fails to attract love struck couples from far and wide.
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